At the Great Himalayan National Park, research and monitoring have been recognised as two indispensable arms, which support and strengthen the Protected Area (PA) management. They improve understanding of issues and strategies relevant to PA management and interactions between the PA and people. Monitoring has been considered as an essential component of any viable strategy to conserve biological diversity because it provides a basis to track the status of various components of biodiversity over time. Research and monitoring outputs enhance the information.
a. Monitoring of large mammals
Probably this is the oldest activity in GHNP. The Park has been organising annual animal census for large ungulates.
b. Monitoring of visitors
Wildlife tourists, pilgrims, and researchers visit PAs. It was only in the recent past that the GHNP started keeping data on such visitations.
c. Socio-economic monitoring:
Socio-economic monitoring around GHNP is an activity of recent years, because of ecodevelopment schemes being formulated, information on demography, resource dependency, etc. is being collected in villages those which are in the vicinity of GHNP.