Ursus arctos  - Himalayan brown bear

Ursus arctos – Himalayan brown bear

Brown bear photographed in GHNP ( Click to enlarge)

Brown bear photographed in GHNP ( Click to enlarge)

 

Common name Himalayan brown bear.
Latin name Ursus arctos Linnaeus 1758
Local name Lal bhalu
IUCN/WPA/Indian status Least concern/II/Rare
Social unit Solitary
Size / weight HBL : 150-280 cm. WT : 130-550 kg. (male) 80-250 kg ( female)
Description The Himalayan brown bear is the world’s largest terrestrial carnivore. It is considerably smaller than its more famed relatives the Grizzly and the Kodiak bears. However, it s still a very large bear with  a thick reddish brown coat with no clear chest markings is seen and this can be visible even in some adults in a new summer coat. The coat is shorter in  summer and longer in winter.
Behavior This is the least arboreal bear and is largely terrestrial as an adaptation to life in the rolling uplands above the tree line . It hibernates in winter.
Distribution Through the Western Himalayan states of Jammu & Kashmir Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand (3000-5000 m)
Habitat It is not primarily a forest animal and inhibits alpine scrub and meadows above the tree line although it is occasionally found in subalpine forests.
Best seen Great Himalayan NP. Himachal Pradesh