Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site on 23 June 2014.
Confirmed sighting of rare and elusive “Serow” made in GHNP, in the month of May 2015
GHNP provides sanctuary for four globally threatened mammals (Snow leopard, serow, himalayan tahr, musk deer), three globally threatened birds (Western tragopan, koklas, cheer pheasants) and a large number of medicinal plants.
GHNP is home to 209 confirmed bird species, which attract birdwatchers from across the globe. These include the endangered western tragopan and four other pheasant species.
GHNP is a part of the Himalaya Hotspot ‒ one of Conservation International’s 34 biodiversity hotspots.
832 plants species, representing 128 families and 427 genera, have been recorded in GHNP.
The rocks of the Great Himalayan range were emplaced in their current locations 19 to 21 million years ago..
The Himalayan musk deer depends on Usnea longissima (also known as Methuselah’s beard, the world’s longest species of lichen) for food during winter.
A little over half of GHNP lies above 4,000m..
The upper part of GHNP’s forest zone holds the world’s largest known population of the western tragopan.
GHNP’s thick forests of three major oak types ‒ Ban, Mohru and Kharsu ‒ contribute to the continuity of the regional hydrologic cycle and help maintain water quality for tens of millions of people on the Indian plains.
The park’s high altitudes, above 3,500m, are home to the bharal (blue sheep), snow leopard, and Himalayan brown bear, tahr and musk deer.
10% of the world’s known plant species can be found in GHNP.
GHNP is home to 34 of the 47 medicinal plants categorised as threatened in Himachal Pradesh.